The Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP), is one of India’s national parks, is located in Kullu region in the state of Himachal Pradesh. The park was established in 1984 and is spread over an area of 1,171 km2 at an altitude of between 1500 and 6000 m. The Great Himalayan National Park is a habitat to numerous flora and more than 375 fauna species, including approximately 31 mammals, 181 birds, 3 reptiles, 9 amphibians, 11 annelids, 17 mollusks and 127 insects. They protect under the strict guidelines of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972; hence any sort of hunt is not permit.
In June 2014, the Great Himalayan National Park added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. The Unesco World Heritage Site Committee granted the status to the park under the criteria of “outstanding significance for biodiversity conservation”.
Trekking to (GHNP)
Trekking is the only way to enjoy and explore the Great Himalayan National Park. The park offers hikes and treks, ranging from one day to 8 days. Adventure seekers can also participate in activities like rappelling, river crossing, Rock climbing and fishing. There are many trails within the park. Gushaini – Tinder village, Gushaini – Shilt Hut, Gushaini – Tirthan valley, Neuli – Manu temple, Neuli – Sarangarh loop, Neuli – Sainj valley, Sainj – Tirthan valley, Siund – Pashi villages, Jiwanala – Parvati River valley, and Shamshi – Kaza are some of the famous trails. A major attraction is the Pin – Parvati Pass trek. Three important pilgrimage spots within the GHNP are Raktisar, Hanskund and Srikhand Mahadev.
GHNP offers limited accommodation options. There are 14 guesthouses inside the park with basic facilities. Which can be use for shelter after get require permission from the park officials. Forest guest houses are also available at Aut, Sainj, Sairopa, Banjar and Shangarh. Visitors are advise to carry tents if they intend to stay inside the GHNP.
Entry to this protect region is by permits, which can obtain either from the Director’s Headquarter at Shamshi or officers stationed at Sairopa, Banjar and Sainj. Guides are provid by the authorities and a token fee is charge as entry fee.
This Park is best visited between April-June and September-October. Not suggested visiting in monsoons (July to Aug) heavy rains and in peak winter (Dec to Feb) heavy snow fall.